MEMORABLE MOMENTS...BASKETBALL CHAMPIONS
Black College basketball came into the national arena with a explosion, led by the domination of Tennessee State’s first ever three consecutive NAIA championships. The NAIA provided the first platform for their exposure and quickly, other teams like Texas Southern, Grambling, Prairie View A&M and later Kentucky State fielded teams loaded with pro-caliber talent. After integration, they still flourished but eventually, the drain on talent saw a dramatic decline. Nevertheless, teams like Alcorn State led a resurgence of “upsets” against the dominant teams of their eras. This is a collection of the most memorable moments…
The Tigers had been to one NAIA tournament in 1951 under head coach Clarence Cash, when John B. McLendon, Jr. – off his success at North Carolina College, Hampton Institute, and Kentucky State – brought his unorthodox wide open running game and armed with talent like Richard “Dick” Barnett and John Barnhill, he transitioned the Tigers into national groundbreaking champions. In 1957, they won the District 29 lottery (Black College Championship) and went to the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics National Tournament. They became the first black college to win a national college basketball championship as they defeated Adrian College, 87-69; Portland State 80-70; Western Illinois 90-88; Pacific Lutheran 71-70 and Oklahoma State 92-73 in the finals. They would repeat again the next year and cap the three-peat in 1959. Barnett took MVP honors and McLendon was named Coach of the Year in 1958. Coach McLendon and Barnett were named to the Tennessee State and College Basketball Hall of Fame among others.
Marauders Perfect Season
William “Bill” Lucas coached the Central State, Ohio Marauders to their first NAIA National Tournament Championship in 1965. They repeated in 1968. Ken Wilburn, their stellar rebounding leader, led the Marauders to a 26-0 regular season record. They made their debut in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics Invitational Basketball Tournament in 1965 and surprised everyone with a remarkable performance. They ran past Jacksonville, Fl, 78-57 in the opening round…knocked off Midwestern State, 75-61 in the second round and outlasted Ausburg College, 66-57 in the Elite Eight round and defeated Fairmont, 91-75 in the semi-finals. They finished a perfect season with a closeout of Oklahoma Baptist, 85-51 inthe finals, and a 30-0 record.
Wilburn, 6-6 forward, led the NAIA in total rebounds (5 games, 90…18.0 average per game). He was named tournament MVP
Coach Lucas led the Marauders to two of their most successful seasons in CSU history.
Southern University was the 13th seed in the West Region which meant they would be offered up to the no.4 seeded Georgia Tech Bulldogs in the first round of the 1993 NCAA Tournament. Ben Jobe had the Jaguars playing at a high level, averaging 97.9 points per game, and Georgia Tech was having one of those years when they were dominating their rivals, Duke University, North Carolina and the rest of the powerful Atlantic Coast Conference. The Jaguars showed early jitters as they fell behind by 15 and trailed 32-17 with eight minutes remaining before halftime.
Then 6-6 All-America forward Jervaughn Scales and 6-7 Leonard White played volleyball against the backboards as they battled Tech’s All-Americans Malcolm Mackey and James Forrest. With the game tied at 61, 6-2 point guard Terry Thomas (20 points) led Southern on a 15-2 run and Tech never recovered. Scales had a monster performance with 27 points, 18 rebounds, 3 blocked shots and three steals. The Jaguars dropped their second round game, 90-80 to George Washington Colonials, led by their high-scoring freshman guard Kwame Evans.
1993: Southern averaged 97.9 points…Hi: 157 points vs. Prairie View A&M…156 vs. Baptist Christian.
Rams Made NCAA History
Tow of the most iconic Black college figures – Earl “The Pearl” Monroe, a legendary playground star from Philadelphia, PA and head coach Clarence “Bighouse” Gaines led Winston Salem State to the 1967 NCAA Div. II national championship.
The Rams became the first Black college to claim a NCAA title.
Monroe, two-time All-American averaged an outstanding 41.5 points in his senior year and captured the NCAA College Division Player of the Year honors and tournament Most Valuable Player award. He was the second overall pick in the first round of the 1967 NBA draft by the Baltimore Bullets and went on to win the NBA Rookie of the Year Award.
Coach Gaines led the Rams to a 31-1 record on their way to the title. Both are inducted into the NAismith Memorial Hall of Fame.
Dave Whitney & Alcorn State: Near Misses...
Alcorn State had a breakout campaign in 1979 under head coach Dave Whitney, Sr. With their third straight SWAC championship on their resume, they finished the regular season with a 28-1 record and made their first National Invitational Tournament appearance, upsetting Mississippi State University, 80-78 in the first round.
They lost to Indiana, 73-69, and capped off the post season with a third place finish in the NAIA Invitational Tournament.
In the 1980 season, they dropped only one game – a encore with Mississippi State, 83-80 before running the table and finishing the regular season at 28-1.
The Braves became the first predominately black college to participate in the NCAA Division I National Basketball Tournament.. They defeated their first round opponent South Alabama, 70-62. but lost to LSU in second round, 98-88.
They represented the SWAC five more times in the NCAA and NIT tournaments:
1982 NCAA: They lost by 10 points to Houston in the first round, 94-84 and posted a 22-9 record.
1983 NCAA: They defeated Xavier in the opening round, 81-75 and lost to Georgetown in the first round, 68-63.
1984: NCAA: THe Braves downed Houston Baptist in the opening round, 79-60 and gave no. 1 seed Kansas a scare in the first round, 57-56.
1999 NIT: The Braves lost to Stanford in the first round, 69-57.
2002 NIT: They narrowly lost to Siena in the opening round, 81-77.
Nat Archibald, center
Eddie Archie, guard
Aaron Brandon, forward
Tommy Collier, center
Tommy James, forward
Dellie Johnson, forward
Alfred Milton, forward
Al Monroe, center
David Palmer, center
Michael Phelps, forward
Larry Smith, forward
Dave Whitney, Jr., guard
Willie Norwood, forward
Julius Keye, forward
Levi Wyatt, center
James Fleming, forward
Joseph Martin, forward
John McGill, forward
Ronnie Smith, guard
James Horton, guard
Albert Irving, forward
Dwight Alexander, guard
Eddie Baker, center
E.J. Bell, guard
Walter Ned, center
Aaron King, forward
Thorobreds 3-Peat Was Just as Sweet
In 1972, head coach Lucious Mitchell had the perfect setup – two of the nation’s leading players and a bench full of excellent ballplayers from two previous NAIA National championships and was looking to add a third straight national title…(only his mentor and fellow Black College legend, John B. McLendon, Jr. and the Tennessee State Tigers had posted the first ever collegiate three-peat in the fifties). The Thorobreds began their championship odyssey in March 1970 by taking the 33rd annual NAIA Basketball Tournament led by the nation’s leading scorer Travis Grant and leading rebounder Elmore Smith. Grant set a single game scoring record with 60 points against Minot State, ND and added tournament records for most field goals made – 223 and most points –518, and is still the all-time leading scorer in NAIA tournament history. In 1971, the Thorobreds capped the 34th NAIA title and their second straight as they waltzed past St. Thomas, WI, 100-66 in the opening round and 73-59 over Central Washington, 106- in the second round. Three members of the Thorobreds were named to the All-Tourney team: Grant, Smith and guard Michael Bernard.
The Thorobreds dominated the NAIA during the early seventies as they became the second team to repeat as champions three straight years.
VUU's "White Knight" Leads Panthers to Fame
1980 Head coach Dave Robbins led Virginia Union (26-4) to their first NCAA Division II Men’s Basketball Championship… the first white coach to lead a predominately-black college team to a national title. The Panthers defeated New York Tech, 80-74.
1992 Robbins and the Panthers –CIAA Champions (30-3) won the NCAA Division II Men’s Basketball Championship, led by All-CIAA guard Warren Peebles and All-CIAA/All-American Derrick Johnson, MVP. They downed Bridgeport, 100-75 MVP: Derrick Johnson
1996 Robbins and the Panthers won the inaugural John B. McLendon, Jr. Men’s Basketball Invitational Championship in Atlanta City, New Jersey. They defeated Claflin College, 84-69 in the finals.
2005 The Panthers (30-4) captured their third NCAA National Championship, led by Brad Byerson, Darius Hargrove and Duane Crockett and Chris Greene. They beat Bryant College, 63-58 for the title.
Coppin State Stuns South Carolina, 78-65
They started the season with non-conference blowout losses to Division I power-house Oklahoma (88-64) and Nebraska (88-72) and ended as the top seed in the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference tournament.
Led by head coach Ron “Fang” Mitchell, the Coppin State Eagles earned an automatic berth in the NCAA Regionals after a 81-74 win over no.3 seed North Carolina A&T in the MEAC finals.
They were the no. 15 seed (30-point underdogs) going up against no.2 seed South Carolina in the first round of the NCAA playoffs.
Despite their big advantage, South Carolina only led by seven (47-40) with 13 minutes left before collapsing and becoming just the third no. 2 seed to lose a first-round game.
The Eagles took a 55-54 lead with less than seven minutes to go and put the Gamecocks away when a three point shot as the shot clock expired.
It gave the Eagles a 9-point lead with less than two minutes left in the game…
Junior guard Antoine Brockington, senior center Terquin Mott and senior guard Reggie Welch had held the Gamecocks high-scoring guard trio – Larry Davis, P.J. Mckie and Melvin Watson
to a combined 31 points.
Eagles reserved guard Danny Singletary scored all but four of his game-high 22 points in the second half and led the team to an unbelievable 13-point upset of the no. 2 seed, which was touted by some to win it all.
Coppin State almost pulled off another upset, narrowly lost to Texas in the second round, 52-51.
Hampton Upsets Iowa State in 2001 NCAAs
It was the standard matchup – #15 vs. #2 Iowa State in the 2001 NCAA first Round Regional Playoffs. The Hampton Pirates, first time out of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference, was facing All-Americans and future NBA first round draft picks Marcus Fizer and Jamal Tinsley.
Under head coach Steve Merfeld, the Pirates breezed through the MEAC tournament with victories over Morgan State, 76-64; Norfolk State, 94-67 and 70-53 over South Carolina State in the finals.
Senior forward Tarvis Williams was named Regional Most Valuable Player.
Iowa State, led by point guard Tinsley, had come within one game of the Final Four the previous season. Hampton was making it’s first appearance in the NCAA March Madness. The Pirates started off a little shaky but only trailed by 11 points in the second half when they began to close the gap behind forward Williams and David Johnson, who put back a missed layup that tied the game.
It was a heart stopping climax as Williams knocked down a short jumper that gave Hampton a 58-57 win as time was winding down. The Cyclones had one last gasp, but Tinsley missed a layup with 1.2 seconds and that set off a wild celebration for the Pirates faithful.
Spartans Top No. 1 Missouri, 86-84
Norfolk State pulled off one of two upsets in the 2012 NCAA tournament
It was the third time a historically black college pulled a major upset in the opening round of the NCAA Basketball Tournament (the other were Coppin State over South Carolina in 1997 and Hampton over Iowa State in 2001).
In their first ever NCAA tournament appearance, the Norfolk State Spartans made it count by defeating no. 1 seed Missouri, 86-84.
All-MEAC forward Kyle O’Quinn led all scorers with 26 points and grabbed 14 rebounds. He scored the decisive basket on an old fashioned three-point play with 34.9 seconds left and the score tied 81 all. Missouri was a 21-point favorite, but had to battle back all game long. The Spartans took advantage of Mizzou’s lax defense to find open spots on the floor and get easy looks at the basket and shot an identical 53 per cent from the field and three –point range. The Tigers shot also shot 52 per cent from the floor but every time Mizzou’s head coach Frank Haith’s team took a lead, it could not stop the Pirates on the defensive end of the floor.
Norfolk State hung around with easy baskets underneath, then surged to a late lead because of poor perimeter defense. After O’Quinn put the Spartans ahead by four points after two successful free throws, the Tigers clawed back behind guard Phil Pressy (20 points) and his long three pointer cut the Spartans lead to 85-84. Norfolk State’s Rodney McCauley missed the second of two free throws with eight seconds remaining, but O’Quinn forced a crucial jump ball with the arrow favoring the Spartans. After O’Quinn put the Spartans ahead by four points after two successful
free throws, the Tigers clawed back behind guard Phil Pressy (20 points) and his long three pointer cut the Spartans lead to 85-84. Norfolk State’s Rodney McCauley missed the second of two free throws with eight seconds remaining, but O’Quinn forced a crucial jump ball with the arrow favoring the Spartans.
He missed two ensuing free throws that would have sealed the victory, but with 2.0 seconds remaining, Pressy’s desperation three-pointer clanged off the back rim and doomed the Tigers comeback.
North Carolina Central Eagles NCAA Div. II 1989
Mike Bernard knew a little something about winning championships: he was a starting guard on a couple of Kentucky State’s three consecutive championship teams. Led All-Tournament Eagles Miles Clark, Antoine Sifford and Dominque Stephens, they hung a banner from the 1989 NCAA Div. II Tournament. The 28-4 Eagles were no. 1 in scoring defense, but when they beat Cal Poly-Pomona, 73-46…the 27-point margin of victory set a new NCAA championship game record that still stands today.
Virginia Union Lady Pantherettes NCAA Div. II 1983
Defying all odds, the 1983 Lady Panthers won the NCAA Division II national title, beating defending champion and undefeated California State Polytechnic University Pomona 73-60 in the final in Springfield, Mass.
Coach Lou Hearn who became head coach after famed coach Tom Harris passed away, guided the Lady Panthers to a 27-2 record. Paris McWhirter, who was named Most Outstanding Player in the finals was joined on the All-Tournament team team members Barvenia “Beanie” Wooten, Vita Williams, Maria Nicholson, Sylvia Walker and Denise Kizzie.
University of District of Columbia NCAA Div. II 1982
Firebirds were one of the hottest teams in the early ’80s under flamboyant head coach Wil Jones. He had one of the best tandems in college basketball in 7-0 center Earl Jones and flashy point guard Michael Britt. They captured the 1982 Div. II tournament title with a 76-63 win over Florida Southern. they fell short in their quest to repeat the next year after another great regular season.
Hampton NCAA Div. II 1988
Division II Player of the Year and first team All-American Jackie Dolberry was the most dominant player in Hampton University women’s basketball history. She led the Lady Pirates to a 33-1 record during her junior year and capped it off by winning the NCAA Division II national championship. Led by head coach James Sweat, the Lady Pirates defeated UDC, 58-50, Virginia State, 73-58; Pitt-Johnstown, 80-74; No. Dakota State, 72-63 (they broke their 36-game winning streak at home.senior Karen Drewry scored 22 points, seven assists, four steals and six rebounds, and held NDSU’s All-American Pat Smykowski to just eight points); and in the finals, they upset top-seeded West Texas State, 63-58.
Jackson State Lady Tigers MAIAW 1979
Women’s collegiate basketball begin to make the big time in the 1970s. The Lady Tigers went 33-3 in the 1979-80 season and claimed the first (Midwest Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women) MAIAW championship. Head coach Sadie Magee’s team was led by a powerful front line in their outstanding center Stephanie Dorsey (6- 1 1/2), Pam McDonald, hot-shooting Mary Fuller and the sisters, Gloria and Eva Freeman.
Cheyney State NCAA Div. II 1978
John Chaney broke into the national basketball spotlight when he led tiny Cheyney State College to is first and only men’s Division II championship. The Bears went 26-2 overall after capturing the tournament title with a 47-40 victory over Wisconsin-Green Bay. Andrew Fields was named the Most Outstanding Player.
Morgan State NCAA Div. II 1974
Morgan State was a force to reckon with in the 70s under head coach Nat Frazier. Led by their 7-0 All-American center Marvin Webster, they came into the NCAA Division II tournament out of the CIAA along with Norfolk State. Other Black colleges in that tournament were: Tennessee State (who lost to in-state rival Fisk, 65-54 in the first round of the regionals. The Bears ended up in the finals and stopped favorite Southwest Missouri State, 67-52 to capture the national banner.
Hard Work Pays off for Lady Bears
The Lady Bears of Shaw University broke into the national women’s basketball champions circle when they fought their way from obscurity to fame. they started the season with a 4-5 record the ran off ten straight wins. In the CIAA tournament, they came together behind CIAA Defensive Player of the Year Kyria Buford and All-CIAA team member Sequoyah Griffin. They captured their seventh title in ten years and their second straight title.
In the NCAA tournament, Head Coach Jacques Curtis led them to victories over West VA. Wesleyan, 92-78; Gannon, 64-59. They then had to face five straight ranked opponents including #9 Edinboro, 70-53; no. 6 Pittsburg State, 97-71; no.6 Rollins, 97-71 before meeting no. 1 Ashland whom they handled in an exciting 88-82 in overtime to claim their first ever title. Aslea Williams was named MOP and Crystal Harris and Sequoyah Griffin were named to the All-tourney team.